Platelet oxidative stress and systemic inflammation in chronic spontaneous urticaria

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Background:Recent studies implicate the role of immune-inflammatory responses in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Although it is well known that platelets release inflammatory mediators and reactive oxygen species upon activation, their role in CSU is poorly characterized. The present study was designed to evaluate platelet oxidative stress [platelet malondialdehyde (MDA), platelet superoxide dismutase (SOD), platelet glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] and systemic inflammatory markers [plasma Interleukin-6 (IL-6), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)] in patients with CSU and their association with disease severity.Methods:Forty-five patients with CSU and 45 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were included in the study. Severity grading was completed according to the urticaria severity score (USS). Autologous plasma skin test (APST) was done in all patients with CSU. Platelet MDA, SOD and GPx and inflammatory markers plasma IL-6 and hs-CRP were assayed in all study participants.Results:In patients with CSU, platelet SOD and GPx were significantly lowered, while platelet MDA levels were significantly elevated in comparison to healthy controls. Both IL-6 and hs-CRP were significantly elevated in patients with CSU and correlated with platelet oxidative stress parameters (p<0.05). Platelet MDA, SOD and GPx and inflammatory markers (plasma IL-6 and hs-CRP) showed a significant correlation with USS in patients with CSU.Conclusions:Our results indicate significant systemic inflammation and platelet oxidative stress in patients with CSU.

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