Prevention of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in DA rats by grafting primary skin fibroblasts engineered to express transforming growth factor-β1

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SUMMARYTo determine whether primary fibroblasts producing latent transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) are capable of down-regulating experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a retroviral vector TGF-β1-pBabe-neo (−5′UTR) was used for efficient gene transfer into primary skin fibroblasts of DA rats. After heat activation, conditioned medium from the transduced fibroblasts was found to inhibit significantly in vitro proliferation of lymphocytes from lymph nodes of DA rats with EAE. Intraperitoneal administration of TGF1-transduced fibroblasts into DA rats during the priming phase of EAE resulted in a significant reduction in mortality and in the mean clinical and EAE scores versus the control immunized animals treated with non-transduced fibroblasts.

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