Ocular injuries resulting from commercial cosmetic procedures

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The prevalence of potentially precarious cosmetic facial procedures appears to be on the rise. A significant amount of these cosmetic procedures are offered and performed by operators without formal medical training and anatomical knowledge, and with variable degrees of skill. Some of these procedures can result in devastating sight-threatening complications, and many of the individuals undergoing such treatments are relatively young and healthy. Patients need to be aware of the potential risks, including permanent visual loss, before embarking on any cosmetic facial procedure. Optometrists may be the first point of contact for patients with ocular complaints following these treatments. Hence, the authors present here a review on the various ocular injuries that may result from commercial cosmetic procedures.

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