Subthreshold diode micropulse laser versus observation in acute central serous chorioretinopathy


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Abstract

BackgroundThe purpose of this study was to evaluate subthreshold diode micropulse (SDM) laser as a treatment modality in acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and compare it with the current standard of care (observation).MethodsA randomised controlled trial was conducted on 68 eyes (34 eyes in SDM laser group and 34 eyes in observation group) with acute CSC, with a single angiographic leak and duration of complaints less than two months. Detailed history, examination and investigations were performed at the baseline and at regular intervals until six months.ResultsEyes in the laser group had significantly higher best-corrected visual acuity at two weeks (p = 0.002), four weeks (p < 0.001), eight weeks (p < 0.001), 16 weeks (p = 0.042) and six months (p = 0.008), and higher contrast sensitivity at eight weeks (p = 0.008), 16 weeks (p < 0.001) and six months (p < 0.001). A recurrent/persistent neurosensory detachment was observed at the end of six months in 11.76 per cent of SDM laser treated eyes versus 29.41 per cent of eyes in the observation group (p = 0.036).ConclusionSDM laser produces faster and superior visual rehabilitation without any adverse effects. It also reduces the chances of CSC going into chronicity and recurrence compared to the current standard of care (observation).

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