PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF COADMINISTERED SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE AND CATALASE AGAINST STRESS-INDUCED GASTRIC MUOCSAL LESIONS


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Abstract

SUMMARYThere are conflicting reports as to the protective effect of coadministered native superoxide dismuatase (SOD) and catalase against gastric mucosal lesions in rats with water immersion restraint (WIR) stress. It is unclear how coadministered native SOD and catalase protect against WIR stress-induced gastric mucosal lesions. Therefore, in the present study, we re-examined the protective effect of coadministered native SOD and catalase against gastric mucosal lesions in rats with WIR stress.Gastric mucosal lesions were induced in Wistar rats by 3 h WIR. Rats were injected subcutaneously with a mixture of purified bovine erythrocyte SOD and bovine liver catalase 1 h before the onset of WIR. Ulcer index, serum SOD, catalase and xanthine oxidase (XO), uric acid and gastric mucosal SOD, catalase, XO, myeloperoxidase (MPO; an index of tissue neutrophil infiltration), non-protein sulfhydryl (NP-SH) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS; an index of lipid peroxidation) were assayed in all rats used.Rats with 3 h WIR showed gastric mucosal lesions. Pre-administration of SOD plus catalase to rats with WIR prevented lesion formation. In the serum of rats with WIR alone, XO activity and uric acid concentration increased, whereas SOD and catalase activities did not change. Pre-administration of SOD plus catalase to rats with WIR did not affect increased serum XO activity and uric acid concentration, but did increase serum SOD and catalase activities. In the gastric mucosa of rats with WIR alone, increases in MPO activity and TBARS concentration and a decrease in NP-SH concentration occurred, whereas XO, SOD and catalase activities did not change. Pre-administration of SOD plus catalase to rats with WIR attenuated the changes in gastric mucosal MPO activity and TBARS and NP-SH concentrations, but did not affect gastric mucosal XO, SOD and catalase activities. Pre-administration of SOD plus catalase (in an inactivated form) to rats with WIR had no effect on gastric mucosal lesion formation and the levels of serum and gastric mucosal parameters studied.These results indicate that coadministered native SOD and catalase protect against gastric mucosal lesions in rats with WIR stress and suggest that this protective effect of coadministered native SOD and catalase could be due to their activity to scavenge XO-derived active oxygen species that are increased in the blood.

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