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Pit pattern (PP) analysis of colorectal neoplasms using magnification chromoendoscopy with crystal violet (CV-MCE) is useful for predicting histologic features, but it is time consuming. Capillary pattern analysis by magnification endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (NBIME) is a useful and simpler procedure, but its diagnostic accuracy may be inferior to CV-MCE. NBIME with acetic acid enhancement (A-NBIME) is effective for rapid visualization of gastric mucosal microstructures. We performed a prospective study to compare the diagnostic reliability and feasibility of A-NBIME and CV-MCE in PP diagnosis of colorectal neoplasms.The present study consisted of 3 protocols: Study-1 assessed 56 colorectal lesions photographed with A-NBIME and CV-MCE, and the endoscopic images were reviewed by 3 experts to compare the diagnostic concordance; study-2 assessed 202 colorectal lesions photographed with A-NBIME in 116 consecutive patients and the correlation between PP and histologic findings; study-3 randomly allocated 100 patients with colorectal lesions equally to A-NBIME and CV-MCE, and compared the procedure time and visible ratio of PP.The κ value for interobserver agreement for A-NBIME and CV-MCE was 0.71 (0.66 to 0.75) and 0.80 (0.75 to 0.85), respectively. Intraobserver agreement between modalities for each reviewer was 0.79 (0.70 to 0.88), 0.80 (0.71 to 0.90), and 0.74 (0.67 to 0.82). Non-neoplastic polyps and massively invasive submucosal adenocarcinomas were statistically related to type II and type VI-H/VN. The procedure time was statistically shorter with A-NBIME than with CV-MCE (31 vs. 81 s), and the visible ratio of PP was equivalent (98.9% vs. 98.3%).A-NBIME is comparable with CV-MCE in PP diagnosis of colorectal neoplasms and is a simpler technique.