Sustained Improvement in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is Common After Treatment of Hepatitis C Virus With Direct-acting Antiviral Therapy

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Goals:To determine whether diabetic patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) treated with direct-acting antiviral agents have improved diabetes, accounting for change in both hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and diabetes medications, and whether any improvement was sustained.Background:HCV infection is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, with improvement in glycemic control after eradication. There remains uncertainty about the durability and magnitude of this effect.Study:HbA1c and diabetes medications were recorded at 6-month intervals for 1.5 years pretreatment and posttreatment for 122 patients. Subjects were classified as having improved diabetes if there was a decrease in HbA1c≥0.5% with no increase in diabetes medications or a decrease in diabetes medications with a stable HbA1c.Results:HbA1c at the nearest time point before treatment was 8.4%±1.9%, compared with 7.8%±1.7% after treatment, a mean difference of 0.6% [95% CI (0.2, 0.9), P<0.01]. A linear mixed effects model incorporating each subject’s repeated measurements over time also demonstrated a reduction after treatment of 0.5% [95% CI, (0.3, 0.8), P<0.001]. Accounting for both HbA1c and diabetes medications, 42 of 122 (34%) had an improvement in diabetes after HCV treatment, and 20 of 28 (71%) of these subjects sustained improvement at 1.5 years follow-up. Prescription of insulin was associated with improved diabetes.Conclusions:Treatment of HCV with direct-acting antiviral agents was associated with improved diabetes in a significant portion of patients with an average reduction in HbA1c of clinically significant magnitude. Among responders, this effect was sustained over 1.5 years of follow-up.

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