Awareness of Hypertension and Proteinuria in Randomly Selected Patients in 11 Italian Cities. A 2005 Report of the National Kidney Foundation of Italy
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2009;11:138–143. ©2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Arterial hypertension and proteinuria are risk factors for chronic kidney disease. A mobile clinic was parked in a central plaza of 11 Italian cities to check blood pressure (BP), prescribe antihypertensive drugs, assess for proteinuria, and provide awareness about hypertension. Among 3757 patients, 56% were hypertensive, 37% were not diabetic nor proteinuric with BP ≥140/90 mm Hg, 17% were diabetic or proteinuric with BP ≥130/80 mm Hg, and 11% were on treatment with BP at target. Among 1204 treated patients, 400 (33%) had controlled BP. Among all 2114 hypertensive patients, only 1344 (64%) were aware of their hypertension. Awareness was greater among treated patients at target (99%). As many as 523 (14%) patients had proteinuria ≥30 mg/dL. The authors conclude that awareness of people walking in the street about their BP and proteinuria is insufficient. Mobile screening clinics may increase public awareness and detection of hypertension and proteinuria in the general community and detect patients at risk for chronic kidney disease.