|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
We report the occurrence of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in nonallografted patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who were treated at hematology or oncology centers in Europe during 1984-1996. Thirty-one cases met the criteria for definitive (21 [68%]) or probable (10 [32%]) IA. Of these cases, 23 (74%) were reported during 1992-1996. Twenty-nine cases (94%) occurred in patients with Durie-Salmon stage 3 MM, and 2 (6%) occurred in patients with Durie-Salmon stage 2 MM. The median time between MM and IA diagnoses was 8 months (range, 1-75 months). Sixteen patients (51%) had a neutrophil count ≤500/mm3 for a median duration of 19 days (range, 10-37 days). Fourteen patients (45%) had recently received corticosteroid therapy, and 11 (36%), high doses of melphalan. Twenty-eight patients had primary pulmonary IA, and 3 had primary sinus IA. Forty-five percent of patients were considered to have died of IA. IA occurs as a potentially lethal opportunistic infection in intensively treated nonallografted patients with myeloma.