Recurring Thrombocytopenia Associated with Structured Treatment Interruption in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

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In a structured treatment interruption (STI) trial, 3 of 23 patients in a CD4 cell count-guided treatment arm developed recurring thrombocytopenia associated with the interruption of antiretroviral therapy. All 3 patients had slightly low or normal platelet counts before initiating antiretroviral therapy. STI may play a role in inducing thrombocytopenia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.

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