Impact of Inosine Triphosphatase Gene Variants on the Risk of Anemia in HIV/Hepatitis C Virus–Coinfected Patients Treated for Chronic Hepatitis C

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The role of rs1127354/rs7270101 alleles at the inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) gene on ribavirin-induced anemia was assessed in 74 patients with hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus coinfection. Anemia developed in 80% of patients with normal ITPA activity compared with 33% of those with reduced ITPA activity. In contrast, ITPA variants did not influence sustained virological response.

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