Blockade of the natriuretic peptide receptor guanylyl cyclase-A inhibits NF-κB activation and alleviates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains the leading cause of death in developed countries. Although reperfusion of coronary arteries reduces mortality, it is associated with tissue injury. Endothelial P-selectin-mediated infiltration of neutrophils plays a key role in reperfusion injury. However, the mechanism of the P-selectin induction is not known. Here we show that infarct size after ischemia/reperfusion was significantly smaller in mice lacking guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A), a natriuretic peptide receptor. The decrease was accompanied by decreases in neutrophil infiltration in coronary endothelial P-selectin expression. Pretreatment with HS-142-1, a GC-A antagonist, also decreased infarct size and P-selectin induction in wild-type mice. In cultured endothelial cells, activation of GC-A augmented H2O2-induced P-selectin expression. Furthermore, ischemia/reperfusion-induced activation of NF-κB, a transcription factor that is known to promote P-selectin expression, is suppressed in GC-A-deficient mice. These results suggest that inhibition of GC-A alleviates ischemia/reperfusion injury through suppression of NF-κB-mediated P-selectin induction. This novel, GC-A-mediated mechanism of ischemia/reperfusion injury may provide the basis for applying GC-A blockade in the clinical treatment of reperfusion injury.

    loading  Loading Related Articles