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The objective of this randomized, double-blind, two-period crossover study was to investigate whether concomitant steady-state lansoprazole influences the pharmacokinetics of CYP2C9 substrates using single intravenously dosed phenytoin as a model substrate. In addition, the safety of concomitant administration of these two drugs was evaluated. Twelve healthy, nonsmoking, adult male subjects received 60 mg lansoprazole or placebo once daily for 9 days during each study period. On the morning of day 7, each subject received a single 250 mg intravenous phenytoin dose. There were no statistically significant differences between the two regimens for mean phenytoin Cmax or tmax. There was a minor (< 3%) but statistically significant difference between the two regimens for phenytoin AUC resulting from a very low intrasubject coefficient of variation (2.3%). The treatment and control mean plasma concentration phenytoin profiles were virtually super-imposable. In conclusion, concomitant multidose lansoprazole administration is unlikely to have any clinically significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of CYP2C9 substrates in general or intravenous phenytoin specifically.