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Selective α1a-adrenoreceptor antagonists are effective agents for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, a disorder occurring in middle-aged and elderly males. The objective of this study was to determine the single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of fiduxosin, a novel, selective α1a-adrenoreceptor antagonist. This was a Phase I, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, single and multiple oral dose study of fiduxosin. Single daily oral doses of 30, 60, or 90 mg of fiduxosin or placebo were administered to healthy adult male subjects (N = 36; 8 active and 4 placebo per dosing group) on Day 1 and Days 5 to 11 (7 con secutive days) after a high-fat breakfast. Fiduxosin plasma concentration-time profiles for Days 1and 11 were used to assess fiduxosin pharmacokinetics. Fiduxosin single-dose and steady-state pharmacokinetics were dose independent after oral administration under nonfasting conditions. Steady state was achieved after 4 days of qd dosing. Approximately 28% of the oral dose was eliminated by the fecal route as unchanged drug. Less than 1 % of the unchanged drug was recovered in the urine after oral administration.