Pharmacokinetics of Eplerenone After Single and Multiple Dosing in Subjects With and Without Renal Impairment


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Abstract

The influence of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of eplerenone following single and multiple dosing was evaluated. Subjects (n = 64) were stratified based on creatinine clearance values as follows: renal impairment (mild, moderate, severe), hemodialysis, and normal matches. Subjects received a single dose of eplerenone 100 mg on day 1 and then received 100 mg once daily on days 3 to 8. There were no statistically significant differences between any of the renal impairment groups and their matched-normal groups for area under the curve (AUC), Cmax, or CL/F or CL/F/WT following either single or multiple dosing (p ≥.093). The inactive metabolite and inactive ring-opened form displayed greater AUCs in renal impairment. Hemodialysis removed approximately 10% of the eplerenone dose. Eplerenone 100 mg once daily was well tolerated in all groups. Considering that renal function had no significant effects on eplerenone CL/F and that eplerenone metabolites are inactive, no dose adjustment appears necessary in patients with renal dysfunction.

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