Lack of Effect of Aprepitant on Hydrodolasetron Pharmacokinetics in CYP2D6 Extensive and Poor Metabolizers


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Abstract

To prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, aprepitant is given with a corticosteroid and a 5-hydroxy-tryptamine type 3 antagonist, such as dolasetron. Dolasetron is converted to the active metabolite hydrodolasetron, which is cleared largely via CYP2D6. The authors determined whether aprepitant, a moderate CYP3A4 inhibitor, alters hydrodolasetron pharmacokinetics in CYP2D6 poor and extensive metabolizers. Six CYP2D6 poor and 6 extensive metabolizers were randomized in an open-label, crossover fashion to treatment A (dolasetron 100 mg on day 1) and treatment B (dolasetron 100 mg plus aprepitant 125 mg on day 1, aprepitant 80 mg on days 2–3). For hydrodolasetron area under the concentration-versus-time curve (AUC0-∞) and peak plasma concentration (Cmax), geometric mean ratios (B/A) and 90% confidence intervals (CIs) fell below the predefined limit (≤2.0) for clinical significance (AUC0-∞, 1.09 [90% CI, 1.01–1.18], Cmax, 1.08 [90% CI, 0.94–1.24]). Aprepitant did not affect the pharmacokinetics of hydrodolasetron, regardless of CYP2D6 metabolizer type, and was generally well tolerated when coadministered with dolasetron in volunteers.

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