The Effect of Etoricoxib on the Pharmacokinetics of Oral Contraceptives in Healthy Participants


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Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of oral contraceptive (OC) components, ethinyl estradiol (EE) and norethindrone (NET), were evaluated after coadministration with etoricoxib in 3 double-blind, randomized, 2-period crossover studies of healthy women. There were 16, 39, and 24 participants enrolled in studies 1 (part I, part II), and 2, respectively. Each participant received triphasic OC (EE 35 μg/NET 0.5 mg × 7 days, 0.75 mg × 7 days, 1.0 mg × 7 days) throughout each 28-day period. OC was coadministered with 21 days of etoricoxib daily followed by placebo for 7 days; the alternate period followed the reverse regimen (placebo to etoricoxib). Study 1 (part I) examined concurrent (morning) administration of OC/etoricoxib 120 mg, study 1 (part II) examined staggered (morning/night) administration of OC/etoricoxib 120 mg, and study 2 examined concurrent (morning) administration of OC/etoricoxib 60 mg. Coadministration of OC and etoricoxib 120 mg once daily was associated with a ˜50% to 60% increase in EE concentrations, whereas etoricoxib 60 mg once daily was associated with a ˜37% increase in EE concentrations. Coadministration of OC and etoricoxib was generally well tolerated. A clinically important change in NET AUC0-24 h was not observed. Adverse events included dyspepsia, diarrhea, headache, nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, and taste disturbance.

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