Population Pharmacokinetics of Fingolimod Phosphate in Healthy Participants

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Fingolimod (FTY720) is a sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) modulator currently being evaluated for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Fingolimod undergoes phosphorylation in vivo to yield fingolimod phosphate (fingolimod-P), which modulates S1PRs expressed on lymphocytes and cells in the central nervous system. The authors developed a population model, using pooled data from 7 phase 1 studies, to enable characterization of fingolimod-P pharmacokinetics following oral administration of fingolimod and to evaluate the impact of key demographic variables on exposure. The fingolimod-P concentration-time course after either single or multiple doses of fingolimod was described by a 2-compartment model with first-order apparent formation and elimination, lag time in the apparent formation, and dose-dependent relative bioavailability and apparent central volume of distribution. Body weight and ethnicity were identified as demographic covariates correlated with the disposition of fingolimod-P. Model predictions indicated no need for dose adjustment of fingolimod based on body weight; the effect of ethnicity on the disposition of fingolimod requires further investigation. The accurate prediction of the pharmacokinetic profile of fingolimod-P determined empirically in 2 large phase 3 trials provides external validation of the model.

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