Surgical Management of Traumatic Avulsion of the Ischial Tuberosity in Young Athletes


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Abstract

Objective:Complete traumatic avulsion of the ischial tuberosity in young athletes is rare, and the optimal treatment is unclear. The purpose of this article is to present our experience and the efficacy of surgical repair of avulsions of the ischial tuberosity with bony dislocation of more than 2 cm and to discuss the complex postoperative rehabilitation.Methods:Three young athletes sustained complete avulsion of the ischial tuberosity with bony dislocation during different sport activities (long jump, soccer, sprinting). The age at the time of injury ranged from 13.8 to 15 years. All underwent surgical repair with reattachment of the hamstring muscle complex to the origin on the ischium. The time from injury to repair varied from 2 to 22 weeks. All patients underwent a specific postoperative rehabilitation program. Follow-up ranged from 12 to 24 months.Results:All athletes had improved with surgery and had good subjective and objective functional results. One patient needed operative revision 1 day after primary repair because of suture loosening because of excessive muscle contractions during wake up after general anesthesia. Finally, all returned to their preinjury sport at the same level.Conclusions:Young athletes with traumatic avulsion of the ischial tuberosity and dislocation of more than 2 cm benefit from operative repair. Good results were achieved in all cases on the basis of functional recovery and patient satisfaction. Chronic complaints could be avoided, and also return to sport was possible. Surgery under spinal anesthesia is recommended.

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