Acute cellular rejection with isolated v-lesions is not associated with more favorable outcomes than vascular rejection with more tubulointerstitial inflammations

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Background:The impact of isolated v-lesions on clinical outcome in biopsies with acute cellular rejection (ACR) is unclear.Methods:Two hundred and sixty-five biopsies showing the highest ACR severity for each patient were recruited and classified into four groups: (i) acute interstitial rejection (AIR) I with minimal tubulointerstitial inflammation (TI), (ii) AIR II with intensive TI, (iii) acute vascular rejection (AVR) I with minimal TI, and (iv) AVR II with intensive TI.Results:The complete reversal rates of AIR I and AIR II groups were marginally higher than AVR I and AVR II groups (p = 0.16). At eight yr of transplantation, the death-censored graft survival (DCGS) rate of AIR I group (93.3%) was significantly higher compared with the AVR I (72.7%) or AVR II (72.9%) group. AVR I group had a similar DCGS rate with AVR II group (72.7% vs. 74.1%), whereas AVR with v1-lesion showed significantly higher graft survival (GS) rate than those with v2-lesion (70.2% vs. 45.5%). The t-lesion of AIR and v-lesion of AVR group were associated with graft loss.Conclusion:The extent of TI is non-specifically associated with graft loss in biopsies with AVR; the higher grade v-lesion predicts the lower complete reversal rate and poorer long-term graft survival.

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