Physicians reading this will have a broad range of in-depth knowledge about their own subspecialty. However, in daily medical practice there are topics of which all physicians should have some knowledge. Those who deal with young people should have some knowledge of the needs of the hearing-impaired population within this group of patients. This article is intended to provide an overview of young people with hearing impairment (HIYP), the challenges they face and what we can do to help them. In this paper, we assume that data published regarding hearing-impaired children apply to HIYP from 13 years (the age at which the transition process begins) to 25 years of age (the age at which ‘youth’ according to the World health Organization and the Education Health Care Plan ends).