Assessment of ica operon carriage and biofilm production in Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates causing bacteraemia in bone marrow transplant recipients

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

ABSTRACT

The clinical significance of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from blood culture is typically assessed on the basis of a combination of clinical and microbiological criteria. However, these criteria are difficult to apply to haematology patients who are highly immunosuppressed and from whom blood cultures are obtained most frequently through a central venous catheter. This study analysed 112 episodes of Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteraemia that occurred in 79 bone marrow transplant recipients. In 73 (65%) episodes, only one blood culture set was positive for S. epidermidis, while 39 (35%) episodes grew S. epidermidis from multiple blood cultures. Nine patients had two or more episodes of bacteraemia with the same strain, as determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The PFGE method also showed that 34 (31%) isolates belonged to seven clusters, indicating the persistence of certain clones in the environment. Of the 109 isolates analysed, 59 (54%) produced biofilm and 91 (83.5%) carried the ica operon. Isolates that produced biofilm were observed to colonise central venous catheters faster than non-biofilm-producing isolates (18 vs. 37 days; p 0.03). No clinical features were associated with carriage of the ica operon, but the ica operon was carried more frequently by the isolates that formed clusters.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles