A Retrospective Study of Double-hit Lymphomas in Elderly Patients (Aged > 70 Years): Overall Outcomes


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Abstract

BackgroundDouble-hit lymphomas (DHLs) are high-grade diffuse large B-cell lymphomas with concurrent translocations involving myc and bcl-2 and/or bcl-6. A patient with DHL often has advanced disease at presentation and typically responds poorly to standard therapy with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone). More intensive treatment regimens have been studied; however, few data are available on the outcomes in elderly patients (aged > 70 years) treated with these therapies. We retrospectively studied the efficacy and tolerability of chemotherapy regimens in elderly patients within the Advocate Healthcare System.Materials and MethodsA system-wide search of patients treated from 2012 to 2017 was completed to identify patients with c-myc with bcl-2 and/or bcl-6 translocations using fluorescence in situ hybridization. The patients were reviewed for the following: age at diagnosis, stage, lactate dehydrogenase, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, chemotherapy details, grade 3/4 toxicities, and response to therapy. Overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were calculated.ResultsWe identified 17 patients (9 men and 8 women) with a median age of 73 years (range, 70-89 years). Six patients received R-EPOCH (rituximab, etoposide, prednisolone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin), 5 received R-CHOP, 1 received bendamustine and rituximab, 1 received the MaGrath regimen, and 1 received cyclophosphamide and rituximab. Three patients were not treated and were referred to hospice care. For all patients, the median follow-up period was 25 months, the EFS and OS were 28% at 36 months, and the median survival was 7.5 months. For patients treated with R-EPOCH, the EFS was 33% at 24 months. For the R-CHOP group, the EFS was 40% at 24 months. Most common grade 3/4 toxicities were neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, and infections and were more common in the R-EPOCH group. Three patients each died in the R-EPOCH and R-CHOP groups.ConclusionAlthough the numbers are small, elderly patients with DHL can achieve durable EFS and OS. Using the comprehensive geriatric assessment can aid in decision making in the treatment options for elderly patients. Our retrospective analysis, given a small sample size, suggests that intensive treatment regimens can be offered to elderly patients with DHL.Micro-AbstractDouble-hit lymphoma can be an aggressive disease that is difficult to treat in the elderly population. We evaluated patients aged > 70 years and their outcomes after treatment with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone), R-EPOCH (rituximab, etoposide, prednisolone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin), and other chemotherapy regimens. The results showed the outcomes were dependent on patient performance status and comorbidities. Intensive regimens should be considered for elderly patients who are medically fit.

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