Prognostic Prediction Model for Second Allogeneic Stem-Cell Transplantation in Patients With Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Single-Center Report

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Abstract

Purpose

To identify factors affecting survival outcomes and to develop a prognostic model for second allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (allo-SCT2) for relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after the first autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation.

Patients and Methods

Seventy-eight consecutive adult AML patients who received allo-SCT2 were analyzed in this retrospective study.

Results

The 4-year overall survival (OS) rate was 28.7%. In multivariate analysis, poor cytogenetic risk at diagnosis, circulating blast ≥ 20% at relapse, duration from first transplantation to relapse < 9 months, and failure to achieve morphologic complete remission after allo-SCT2 were factors associated with poor OS. A prognostic model was developed with the following score system: intermediate and poor cytogenetic risk at diagnosis (0.5 and 1 point), peripheral blast ≥ 20% at relapse (1 point), duration from the first transplantation to relapse < 9 months (1 point), and failure to achieve morphologic complete remission after allo-SCT2 (1 point). The model identified 2 subgroups according to the 4-year OS rate: 51.3% in the low-risk group (score < 2) and 2.8% in the high-risk group (score ≥ 2) (P < .001).

Conclusion

This prognostic model might be useful to make an appropriate decision for allo-SCT2 in relapsed AML after the first autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation.

Micro-Abstract

Prognostic factors of second allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (allo-SCT2) in 78 patients with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia after first transplantation were explored. Factors included poor cytogenetic risk at diagnosis, circulating blast ≥ 20% at relapse, duration from first transplantation to relapse of < 9 months, and failure to achieve morpohologic complete remission after allo-SCT2. Prognostic model derived from those factors might contribute to appropriate decision making for allo-SCT2.

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