A new analgesia regimen after (adeno) tonsillectomy in children: a pilot study

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Abstract

Objective:

The objective was to ascertain the efficacy of a new analgesic regimen introduced in children undergoing (adeno)tonsillectomy in view of the ban on codeine use in children <12 years by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).

Design:

Prospective pilot study at a paediatric tertiary referral centre.

Materials and methods:

A total of 176 children undergoing (adeno) tonsillectomy over a 5-month period (Sept 2013-Jan 2014) were included in the study. Data were prospectively collected on analgesia used peri-operatively and patients were discharged on regular paracetamol and ibuprofen for 7 days and three doses of oral morphine sulphate solution to be used on days 3, 4 and 5. Pain scores were recorded on days 1–10 post-operatively using the Wong Baker Faces Pain Rating scale.

Results:

The pain scores were significantly better (P-value < 0.0001) in children who were compliant with morphine (n = 93) than those who were not (n = 32). We also found that children who were compliant with morphine were less likely to seek help out of hours (P-value < 0.001).

Conclusions:

Oral morphine sulphate solution provides a reasonable alternative to codeine, albeit one should bear in mind that parental concerns and adverse effects of the drug were seen in a minority of patients (n = 11) and anaesthetists were reluctant to prescribe the drug in cases of severe OSA or associated central apnoeas (n = 7).

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