Patterns of hospital admission in 54 501 patients with epistaxis over a 20-year period in Scotland, UK

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Abstract

Background

Epistaxis affects most people over their lifetime. It is the commonest ear, nose and throat emergency. Hospital admission and socio-economic deprivation have been associated with mental health disorders, respiratory illness and with emergency hospital admissions. Low socio-economic status has never previously been associated with epistaxis, a common reason for admission to ear, nose and throat departments throughout the UK.

Methods

Demographics from Information Services Division Scotland were analysed over a period of 20 years. This focused on gender, number of admissions, number of bed days, socio-economic deprivation (Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation) and mortality within 1 year.

Results

Data from 54 501 patients were assessed. Admission numbers and length of stay have significantly decreased (P < 0.0001). Males are more frequently affected (P = 0.001). Admission numbers were higher for patients in more deprived areas (P < 0.001). Mean duration of stay has decreased by 1 bed day. Surgical intervention of epistaxis has increased significantly (P < 0.001). There is an associated 1-year mortality rate of 9.8% following epistaxis.

Conclusion

There has been a significant decrease in hospital admissions and length of hospital stay in patients admitted with epistaxis over the past 20 years. There is a significant association with deprivation and epistaxis admission.

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