It is uncertain whether children of all weight classifications receive the recommended screening and counseling and if these affect weight status in the subsequent year.Methods.
Data from the 2008–2011 Medical Expenditures Panel Survey were used to examine associations between weight classification and receipt of weightrelated screening and counseling from the pediatric provider (n = 9835). Body mass index (BMI) z-score in the subsequent year was modeled as a function of the BMI z-score in year 1.Results.
Normal and overweight children have lower odds than obese children of receiving counseling regarding diet (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.50–0.68; AOR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.63–0.89, respectively) and exercise (AOR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.48–0.65; AOR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.64–0.89, respectively). Counseling was associated with a small increase in BMI z-score in the subsequent year (β = 0.06, 95% CI = 0.01–0.11), as was maternal weight class.Conclusions.
Recommendations to focus prevention on the family unit may reduce childhood overweight and obesity.