The Chronic Care Model to Improve Management of Childhood Obesity

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Abstract

One-third of children in the United States are overweight or obese. Comorbidities continue into adulthood if a healthy weight is not established. While expert guidelines for management of this condition are recognized, provider adherence to guidelines is lacking. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate the effectiveness of the chronic care model (CCM) on improving primary care provider identification, prevention, and management of childhood overweight and obesity. A pre- and postintervention chart audit was completed to evaluate documentation of 20 assessment measures included in expert guidelines. A chi-square analysis was conducted to assess differences. Statistically significant improvements were found in documentation of parental obesity, family medical history, sleep assessment, endocrine assessment, and weight classification as a diagnosis. Use of the CCM had a positive impact on provider adherence to expert guidelines. Furthermore, not all aspects of the CCM must be used to see statistically significant improvements.

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