In 2010, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended universal screening for anemia at approximately 1 year of age. This quality improvement study sought to improve anemia screening in an ambulatory setting. In a large university-based setting, a best practice alert (BPA) was placed within the electronic health record. The primary outcome was overall screening rate in ambulatory family medicine (DFM) and pediatrics (PEDS) clinics. From 2545 pre-BPA clinic visits over a 12-month period, the screening rate was 48.2%. Among 2186 post-BPA clinic visits over an 8-month period, the screening rate improved to 72.7%, P < .0001. Follow-up over a second 7-month period demonstrated sustained improvements (70.8%) but was not higher after educational sessions between the periods. Screening rates were higher in PEDS than DFM at each time point; P < .0001. This technology-based intervention increased and maintained higher screening rates for anemia at 1 year, with higher rates in PEDS.