Missed Opportunities to Address Pregnancy Prevention With Young Men in Primary Care

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Young men (aged 15-24 years) have pregnancy prevention needs, yet little is known about whether they perceive they learn about pregnancy prevention in primary care. A sample of 190 young men seen in primary care in one city from April 2014 to September 2016 were assessed on perceived learning about pregnancy prevention, background and visit characteristics, pregnancy prevention care receipt, and contraception needs at last sex. The majority of participants were non-Hispanic black (92%), aged 15 to 19 years (54%), seen for a physical examination (52%), and established patients (87%). Few participants perceived they learned about pregnancy prevention (32%), regardless of sexual activity (33% among sexually active participants, 26% among never sexually active). Poisson regression models determined that perceived learning about pregnancy prevention was independently associated with young men’s pregnancy prevention care receipt and contraception needs at last sex. Findings highlight the need to improve providers’ delivery of pregnancy prevention services to young men.

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