Clinical psychology's success at developing, disseminating, and implementing evidence-based treatments (EBTs) will determine our profession's ability to remain a highly regarded helping profession. Even though we have treatments demonstrated to work, currently most specific therapies used in applied settings have not been scientifically established. The gap between the science and the practice of clinical psychology is a significant problem. Arguments for and resistance to using EBTs are presented in detail. Changes in our field are needed. Researchers need to conduct effectiveness research and form partnerships with practitioners. Practitioners need to stay connected with clinical psychology's scientific roots and collaborate with researchers. Most importantly, American Psychological Association (APA) leadership needs to promote the dissemination and implementation of EBTs. Specific ideas about how to accomplish this are offered.