Kinesio taping is superior to other taping methods in ankle functional performance improvement: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Objective:To compare the effect of Kinesio taping on ankle functional performance with that of other taping methods (non-elastic taping) in healthy individuals and patients with ankle sprain.Methods:A search was performed in electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure) for studies published up to 31 March 2018 using the following keywords: ankle, Kinesio taping, KT, and tape. Studies on ankle functional performance were selected, and data on Star Excursion Balance Test results, vertical jump height, and range of motion were extracted. Meta-analyses (where appropriate and possible) using either fixed or random effects model, standardized mean differences, and tests of heterogeneity were performed.Results:Ten studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The Star Excursion Balance Test results indicated that Kinesio taping was superior to other taping methods (placebo taping or tension-free taping). The mean difference was 3.2 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.84–5.59, I2 = 5%, P = 0.008). In studies in which vertical jump height was measured, a negative effect was observed for other taping methods (athletic taping or placebo taping), but not for Kinesio taping (mean difference = 1.06, 95% CI: 0.19–0.93, I2 = 15%, P = 0.02). Both Kinesio taping and common taping had no significant effect on range of motion, with no differences between these methods (I2 = 0%, P = 0.80).Conclusion:Kinesio taping is superior to other taping methods (athletic taping) in ankle functional performance improvement.

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