Relationship between Lung Volume and Pulmonary Function in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Computed Tomographic-based 3-Dimensional Volumetric Reconstruction of Lung Parenchyma

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Abstract

Study Design:

Retrospective.

Objectives:

We determined values for the volume of right lung (Vr), left lung (Vl), total lung volume (Vt), and left/right lung volume ratio (Vl/Vr), allowing comparison between those data measured and those of age-matched controls. To find whether lung volume correlates with preoperative pulmonary function.

Summary of Background Data:

To our knowledge, no study on relationship between computed tomographic (CT) scans determined lung volume and pulmonary function test (PFT) in scoliosis have been published.

Methods:

All examinations with PFT (31 cases) were identified. Three-dimensional volumetric reconstruction of lung parenchyma was performed on existing preoperative CT scans for 26 idiopathic scoliosis patients. Vl, Vr, Vt, Vl/Vr, and absolute value of right volume minus left volume (|Vr−Vl|) were calculated and correlated with PFTs. To determine if significant difference of preoperative lung volume exists between idiopathic scoliosis patients and controls. Linear regression models, using 3-dimensional lung volume parameters as predictors for vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), and total lung capacity (TLC), were created.

Results:

Vt was positively correlated with VC, FVC, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), TLC, predicted value for FVC (FVC%), predicted value for FEV1 (FEV1%), predicted value for TLC (TLC%), and predicted value for maximal ventilator volume (MVV%) (P<0.05); |Vr−Vl| was not correlated with ventilation parameters (P>0.05); Diffusion parameters were not correlated with CT-reconstructed lung volume parameters (P>0.05); male and female adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients had less Vt, Vr, and Vl compared with those of age-matched controls (P<0.05).

Conclusions:

Vt was positively correlated with VC, FVC, FEV1, TLC, FVC%, FEV1%, TLC%, and MVV%. Vt, Vr, and Vl of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients were less than those of age-matched controls.

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