Posterior Correction Without Rib-head Resection for Patients With Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Dystrophic Scoliosis, and Rib-head Protrusion Into the Spinal Canal

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Abstract

Study Design:

A retrospective study.

Objective:

The objective of this study is to report the result of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1(NF-1), dystrophic scoliosis, and rib-head protrusion into the spinal canal who received posterior scoliosis correction surgery without rib-head resection.

Summary of Background data:

A total of 124 patients with NF-1 and dystrophic scoliosis were treated at our institution during the study period. Eight patients with a median age of 12 years had rib-head protrusion into the spinal canal and received surgery and were included in the analysis.

Methods:

All 8 patients (6 male, 2 female) were treated from 2003 to 2013 and received posterior correction with a pedicle screw-rod 3-dimensional correction system or screw-hook hybrid system. Scoliosis correction rate and percentage of spinal canal occupied by the rib head were analyzed.

Results:

The median patient age, number of segments fused, and follow-up duration were 12 years, 10.5, and 22.5 months, respectively. There were no surgery-related complications, and symptoms in all patients improved after surgery. The median postoperative and 1-year follow-up sagittal kyphotic angles were significantly smaller as compared with the preoperative value (28.5 and 31 vs. 62.5 degrees, P=0.012). The median postoperative coronal Cobb angle of the main thoracic curve was significantly smaller compared with the preoperative value (29 vs. 64.5 degrees, P=0.012). The median percentage of the spinal canal occupied by the intraspinal rib was significantly lower at 1-year follow-up compared with the preoperative value (23.1% vs. 28.6%, P=0.018).

Conclusions:

Posterior correction without rib-head excision can provide good outcomes for patients with NF-1 and dystrophic scoliosis and rib-head protrusion into the spinal canal.

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