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Prospective randomized study.To compare the clinical outcome after Discover arthroplasty versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in patients treated for symptomatic single-level cervical disk disease.ACDF is still the gold standard for surgical treatment of cervical spine degenerative disk disease. However, results of many studies suggest that it may cause degenerative changes at levels immediately above and below the fusion, known as adjacent segment degenerative disease. Cervical arthroplasty has recently been introduced as an alternative to standard procedure of ACDF. It showed decreased surgical morbidity, decreased complications from postoperative immobilization, and an earlier return to previous level of function.A total of 105 consecutive patients with single-level cervical disk disease, producing radiculopathy and/or myelopathy were randomly divided into groups to undergo ACDF or Discover arthroplasty. All patients were evaluated with preoperative and postoperative serial radiographic studies and clinically, using Neck Disability Index, Visual Analog Scale and neurological status at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months.The results of our study indicate that cervical arthroplasty using Discover Artificial Cervical Disc provides favorable clinical and radiologic outcomes in a follow-up period of 24 months. There has been significant improvement in clinical parameters, Visual Analog Scale and Neck Disability Index, at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months in arthroplasty group comparing to control group.The Discover artificial cervical disc replacement offers favorable outcome compared with ACDF for a single-level cervical disk disease at short-term and long-term follow-up.