Analysis of the Factors That Could Predict Segmental Range of Motion After Cervical Artificial Disk Replacement: A 7-Year Follow-up Study

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Study Design:A retrospective cohort study.Objective:To identify the potential preoperative factors and surgical technique factors that are associated with long-term range of motion (ROM) after surgery. Further, this article aimed to guide selection of patients with cervical artificial disk replacement and a fine surgical technique.Summary of Background Data:Segmental ROM is the most important parameter concerning cervical kinematics after a cervical artificial disk replacement. There are few researches regarding the influencing factors on postoperative ROM, and consistent results have not yet been reported.Methods:The cohort comprised a total of 68 disks implanted into 57 patients who were retrospectively analyzed. The mean follow-up period was 84.1 months. Segmental ROM and other useful parameters were measured using lateral neutral, extension, and flexion radiographs, which were obtained preoperatively, 3 months after surgery, and at last follow-up. Preoperative CT and clinical assessment were also used. To find out associated factors, the patients were divided into 2 groups according to the segmental ROM at last follow-up.Results:After surgery, the clinical outcomes were satisfactory. The segmental ROM at last follow-up (7.8±4.3 degrees) was preserved without significant change from preoperative ROM (8.8±3.8 degrees). The patients who had a better segmental ROM after surgery were found to have a higher preoperative segmental ROM, a younger age, a better disk insertion angle, and disk insertion depth. These 4 factors were identified as independent risk factors (P=0.027, 0.017, 0.036, and 0.046, respectively) for long-term ROM.Conclusions:The postoperative long-term, segmental ROM was well preserved and found to be affected by the preoperative segmental ROM, patient’s age, disk insertion angle, and disk insertion depth.

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