Fluoroscopically Guided Lumbar Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection: Procedural Technique

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Fluoroscopically guided lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections are indicated for the treatment of lumbar radicular pain that has failed more conservative options. This article details proper equipment and medications, patient positioning and set-up, step-by-step instructions for multiplanar fluoroscopic visualization, needle advancement and medication instillation, and postoperative management. Pearls and pitfalls are also discussed. In addition, an instructional procedure video accompanies this paper.

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