The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether social cognition enhancement training (SCET) is effective in improving social context appraisal and perspective-taking abilities of patients with schizophrenia. A total of 34 patients were randomly assigned to receive SCET plus standard psychiatric rehabilitation training or standard psychiatric rehabilitation training only. SCET was conducted twice weekly on a group basis for 6 months. Some social cognitive abilities were improved rapidly after 2-month treatment whereas some improved only after 6-month treatment. These results show promise for the impact of SCET on the social cognitive functioning of individuals with chronic schizophrenia, and further investigation is merited.