MiR-150 Regulates Poststroke Cerebral Angiogenesis via Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Rats

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Abstract

Aims

Angiogenesis is a harmonized target for poststroke recovery. Therefore, exploring the mechanisms involved in angiogenesis after stroke is vitally significant. In this study, we are reporting a miR-150-based mechanism underlying cerebral poststroke angiogenesis.

Methods

Rat models of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and cell models of oxygen–glucose deprivation were conducted. Capillary density, tube formation, cell proliferation, and cell migration were measured by FITC-dextran assay, matrigel assay, Ki-67 staining, and wound healing assay, respectively. The expression of miR-150 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was, respectively, measured by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Dual-luciferase assay was conducted to confirm the binding sites between miR-150 and VEGF.

Results

We found that miR-150 expression in the brain and serum of rats subjected to cerebral ischemia, and in oxygen–glucose-deprived brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs) and astrocytes. Upregulation of miR-150 expression could decrease vascular density of infarct border zone in rat after MCAO and decrease tube formation, proliferation, and migration of BMVECs. We also found that miR-150 could negatively regulate the expression of VEGF, and VEGF was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-150. Moreover, VEGF mediated the function of miR-150 on tube formation, proliferation, and migration of BMVECs.

Conclusions

Our data suggested that miR-150 could regulate cerebral poststroke angiogenesis in rats through VEGF.

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