Polish Nurses’ Knowledge of Heart Failure Self-Care Education Principles

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On the basis of management guidelines, multidisciplinary treatments are essential in the care of patients with heart failure (HF) to improve quality of life and clinical outcomes.


The aim of the study was to assess nurses’ knowledge of HF self-care principles as a way to be prepared for educating patients about HF self-care maintenance and management.


Nurses providing cardiology intensive care (n = 48), nonintensive hospital care (n = 129), and family practices care (n = 50) completed the Nurses’ Knowledge of HF Education Principles survey. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Student t test, analysis of variance for qualitative variables, the Kruskal-Wallis correlation test, simple linear regression, and Pearson rank correlation for continuous variables.


Mean (SD) HF self-care maintenance knowledge score was 12.1 (2.7) that equated to 60.4% (13.4%). Scores were highest among nurses working in cardiology intensive care (12.39 [2.7]) and noninvasive care (12.3 [2.7]) and lowest in family medicine (10.74 [2.3]), P < .001. Nurses’ knowledge was associated with level of education (r = 0.1399, P = .05), number of graduate courses (r = 0.1483, P = .05), and specialization in cardiac nursing (r = 0.1457, P = .05).


Polish nurses’ knowledge deficits in HF self-care principles may lead to problems in providing patients with adequate education.

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