Characteristics of Red Blood Cell Survival from Subjects with Hereditary Elliptocytosis

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Abstract

Hereditary elliptocytosis is an intrinsic red cell abnormality and 12% of elliptocytic individuals demonstrate hemolysis. Using tracer kinetic methodology (51Cr labeled RBC's) the destructive phase of erythropoesis was assessed in two healthy subjects receiving labeled donor red blood cells from individuals with hereditary elliptocytosis. The red blood cell survival time of transfused elliptocytes was significantly decreased in both recipients, with a survival half-time (T½) of 19 days in one recipient and 20 days in the other (n 27 days). Abnormal splenic sequestration was also demonstrated. The decreased survival of transfused cells suggests that caution should be exercised in utilizing patients with hereditary elliptocyosis as donors in blood banking operations even in the absence of evidence of hemolysis.

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