Gated SPECT Myocardial Perfusion Imaging, Intraventricular Synchronism, and Cardiac Events in Heart Failure

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of rest gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and intraventricular synchronism, to identify heart failure (HF) patients most likely to experience cardiac events.

Methods

We studied 165 patients with left ventricular ejection fraction of less than 40%, who were divided in 2 groups according to the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (group 1: 136 patients) or not (group 2: 29 patients). All underwent a rest gated SPECT MPI.

Results

In 160 patients, the MPI was abnormal. Mean summed rest score was 17 ± 6 (group 1) versus 10 ± 6 (group 2), P < 0.0001. Mean volumes showed a marked ventricular dilation, slightly higher among nonischemic. The mean value of the phase-derived SD was 70 ± 19 (group 1) versus 59 ± 21 degrees (group 2), P = 0.016. The histogram bandwidth showed no significant differences. Forty-four (39%) of 114 patients showed some kind of event during the follow-up. The more frequent events were HF progression (13%) and acute coronary syndrome (11%). The highest odds ratios for prediction of events were 1.91 (phase SD), 1.66 (etiology), and 1.55 (summed rest score), although the association was not significant.

Conclusions

A rest gated SPECT is a valid approach to identify HF patients most likely to experience cardiac events.

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