Pediatric Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Staged With 18F-FDG PET/CT

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Abstract

A 15-year-old boy with autism and swallowing dysfunction presented with a 6-month history of fatigue, intermittent abdominal pain, and weight loss. He later became febrile and had multiple episodes of coffee ground emesis and melena stools. An upper endoscopy showed an esophageal mass, and a subsequent 18F-FDG PET/CT scan confirmed this finding. PET/CT also revealed metastatic disease in local lymph nodes, thus upstaging the patient and indicating poor prognosis. Consideration of these severe results and the patient’s quality of life helped guide decision making in patient management, with the ultimate decision to pursue palliative care.

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