Component-resolved diagnosis in anaphylaxis

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Abstract

Purpose of review

Component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) is an advanced tool capable of aiding the clinician in fine tuning the diagnosis of the causal allergens of a reaction with the added value of providing information of severity risk, potential cross-reactivity, and subsequently, guiding management measures. This review will focus on the advantages of CRD of anaphylaxis in clinical practice.

Recent findings

Research is continuously providing insight to which molecules are associated with genuine sensitization and/or potential severity risk for hymenoptera venom (Api m1, Ves v 1, Ves v 5, and Pol d 5), food allergy (seed storage proteins and nonspecific lipid transfer proteins), cofactor-enhanced food allergy (ω-5-gliadine, nonspecific lipid transfer proteins), red meat delayed anaphylaxis (α-gal), latex allergy (Hev b 1, Hev b 3, Hev b 5, and Hev b 6), and Anisakis allergy (Ani s 1, Ani s 4, Ani s 7, and Ani s 13); other molecules are primary associated with nonclinically relevant sensitizations, cross-reactivity, or mild reactions (carbohydrate determinants and profilins). New molecules, some minor allergens, are being identified as new potential biomarkers of severity.

Summary

The usefulness of CRD in anaphylaxis is self-evident, since it improves the recognition of sensitization profiles associated with specific clinical outcomes and provides information to guide further management.

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