Inhalation injuries still significantly increase the morbidity and mortality of burn patients. Advances in ventilatory support appear to decrease the frequency of pneumonia and improve the survival of patients. It is now well accepted that early enteral feeding of patients with burn injuries is very important. The addition of anabolic agents in burn care and nutrition may be of importance. Patients receiving prestorage filtered blood components have fewer blood transfusion-induced side effects and the requirement for transfusion is reduced. Current research on the cellular response to burn injury holds promise for further improvement in burn care.