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Endometriosis is a common disease affecting reproductive age women. Pain is one of the most common symptoms associated with endometriosis. When medical therapy has failed or in known deeply infiltrating endometriosis, surgical management is warranted. Laparoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis. Recent developments in surgery have shown the feasibility of robotic surgery for endometriosis, although these methods have not been shown to be superior to conventional laparoscopy. Enhanced imaging techniques including fluorescence imaging and narrow band imaging have also been studied. However, long-term clinical benefits have yet to be demonstrated.