Adult congenital heart disease: magnitude of the problem

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Purpose of reviewTo define the magnitude of problems faced by patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) and to identify unmet needs for this population.Recent findingsThe ACHD population is estimated to include more than 1 million people in the United States and continues to grow at a steady rate. Owing to the decline in early mortality in this group, modern medicine is now faced by the long-term complications associated with congenital heart disease such as chronic heart failure, increased endocarditis risk, elevated burden of arrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension, valvular dysfunction, and pregnancy.SummaryIncreasing access to ACHD care, evolution of imaging techniques and transcatheter technology and continued efforts at quality improvement will be key to successfully facing the challenges that are a product of the astounding success of pediatric cardiac surgery.

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