The role of clinic blood pressure for the diagnosis of hypertension

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Purpose of reviewRecent data from randomized clinical trials and updates to hypertension guidelines warrant a review of the literature for the diagnosis and management of hypertension in the clinic setting. Although there have been significant advances in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and home BP monitoring, office BP (OBP) measurements remains the primary means of diagnosis and treatment.Recent findingsThe current review focuses on updated guidelines, proper technique, device selection, and the recent controversy regarding unattended BP measurements. We review the data on cardiovascular outcomes, the comparison of OBP with ambulatory BP monitoring and home BP monitoring and some of the pitfalls of OBP measurements.SummaryThe current review highlights the need for constant review of BP goals to minimize cardiovascular risk and some of the ongoing controversies regarding OBP measurements.

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