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The consideration of acute kidney injury, its incidence and its impact on the outcome of patients has grown continuously in recent years, leading to an increase in the use of renal replacement therapy (RRT) techniques. However, the successful conduct of RRT depends on the effectiveness of the entire team, doctors and nurses. It is therefore important to know the essential elements to be implemented in the ICU to ensure optimal RRT.Recent studies show that the successful conduct of a RRT session requires a good knowledge of the principles of the technique, regular basic training, identification of experts, drafting clear and well followed protocols and good communication between the various stakeholders. In addition, the use of the latest advances, such as regional citrate anticoagulation, allows further optimization of therapy, only if, again, both physicians and nurses are properly trained and highly involved.We now have a better understanding of the measures to be deployed to optimize RRT. Organization, training, evaluation and protocols are the key points of the team's efficiency for a safe and effective implementation of RRT.