Growth in patients with type 1 diabetes

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Abstract

Purpose of review

As the incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) continues to rise, complications including impairment of childhood growth remain a major concern. This review provides an overview of alterations in growth patterns before and after the onset of T1DM.

Recent findings

Recent advances in this field include several prospective investigations of height and weight trajectories in children leading up to the development of islet autoimmunity and T1DM as well as evaluations of larger cohorts of T1DM patients to better assess predictors of altered growth. In addition, genetic and metabolic investigations have improved our understanding of the more rare severe growth impairment of Mauriac Syndrome.

Summary

Despite advances in medical care of children with T1DM, growth remains suboptimal in this population and likely reflects ongoing metabolic derangement linked with classic microvascular diabetic complications.

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